Glaucoma is the second leading cause of vision loss. Sometimes called the silent thief of sight, glaucoma can damage your vision so gradually you don’t notice any loss of vision until the disease is at an advanced stage. Glaucoma can be detected through eye exams in the Bronx by Dr. Alan Vilinsky. During this painless procedure, your optometrist will measure your intraocular pressure, inspect the drainage angle of your eye, evaluate any optic nerve damage, and test the vision of each eye. The best way to maintain your eye health and preserve your vision is to have regular and complete eye examinations with the appropriate level of diagnostic testing for glaucoma.
There are two main types of glaucoma: Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma and Angle-Closure Glaucoma. Though both are caused by increased pressure in the eye, the two yield different symptoms and levels of severity. Primary open-angle glaucoma is the most common type of glaucoma and causes peripheral vision loss. In an eye unaffected by glaucoma, fluid continually flows through the eye and exits through tissue known as the trabecular meshwork. With chronic glaucoma, this meshwork becomes blocked and fluid is unable to flow out of the eye. This excess fluid causes intraocular pressure to increase and presses against the optical nerve. While chronic glaucoma gradually builds up, angle-closure or narrow-angle glaucoma occurs suddenly and presents painful symptoms, such as headaches, nausea, eye pain, and increased sensitivity to light.
If you are diagnosed with glaucoma during your eye exams in the Bronx at Eye Express in the Bronx, we’ll attempt to control the disease with medications to regulate the amount of fluid produced by the eye. If medications cannot adequately treat your glaucoma, Dr. Vilinsky may suggest surgery to increase drainage flow. To learn more about glaucoma treatment options, come speak to our eye doctors at Eye Express!