Using cutting-edge technology at our Morrisania optometry office, our experts can diagnose all types of cataracts during a thorough eye examination, and determine the best treatment for you. A cataract, a clouding of the clear lens in your eye, makes it appear as if you are looking through a fogged-up window. The lens lies behind your iris and your pupil, and usually work together like a camera lens. In a normal eye, light passes through your lens to your retina, and once it reaches your retina, it’s changed into nerve signals that are then sent to your brain. In order for your retina to receive a sharp image, your lens must be clear. If it’s cloudy from a cataract, however, the image will appear blurry. There are other types of cataracts, other than those related to aging. Secondary cataracts can develop after surgeries for eye problems, such as glaucoma, and in people with health problems such as diabetes. Some babies are born with congenital cataracts or develop them in childhood. Often in both eyes, these cataracts are often so tiny they don’t always affect vision but, when they do, lens removal is an option. Traumatic cataracts may develop after an eye injury, and radiation cataracts may develop after exposure to certain types of radiation.
The earlier cataracts are detected, the better chance there is to reduce the risk of further damage, and allow for a choice of treatment options. The doctors at our Morrisania optometry office, Eye Express, will conduct an eye exam that will classify cataracts, which often develop slowly with no vision loss or pain. Some symptoms of cataracts are increased eye strain, irritation caused by bright lights, difficulty driving at night, blurry or double vision, fading colors, and frequent changes in your eyeglass prescription. Statistics show, that by age 80, more than half of all Americans have a cataract or have had cataract surgery.
Primarily, eyeglasses with magnifying lenses, stronger lighting, and anti-glare sunglasses can help you deal with cataracts, but if impaired vision continues to interfere with your day to day activities, the experts at our Morrisania optometry office often suggest surgery. Cataract surgery is basically a safe, effective procedure, which removes the cloudy lens and replaces it with an artificial one. Cataract removal is one of the most common surgeries performed in the United States, as well as one of the safest and most effective. About 90 percent of people who have cataract surgery report better vision afterward. Advanced lenses (multifocal and accommodating lenses), which reduce your need for glasses following surgery, are also an exciting new possibility.